How to Become a Full-Stack Web Developer in 2021?

Picture of Chanuka Wijesundara

Chanuka Wijesundara

I am Chanuka Wijesundara, a professional web developer in Canada based in Toronto. I was always fascinated with technology, how the system sets work, and how technology evolves every day around us.

Who Is A Full Stack Developer?

Firstly, a Full Stack Developer is an engineer who works on the client-side and server of the software application. This type of developer works on the entire part of a software application. It means front-end development, rear-end development, database, server, API, and version control systems. Full Stack Developer translates user needs into overall architecture and implements new strategies. He does not necessarily master all technologies. However, the professional expects to work on the client, their parties and understands what happens when developing an application. He must have a genuine interest in all software technologies.

What Makes A Developer Full-Stack?

It’s fun and exciting to say that any front-end developer is a full-stack developer, but the ability to add a website to Net Life does not completely overwhelm you. It does not mean discouraging – realistically, having that experience at your following interview alone does not fit the job title. Even if you are technically creating and deploying from start to finish, Netlife, Site, and other providers empower you to do this with their magic tools. It is the front end that does not deviate from what we can all do. The growing business of creating and deploying static websites has simplified this process with benefits across the board in the latter part of the stock. With the flexibility of tool options such as running JS on a server, we can transfer our skills to more opportunities than ever before.

Ten Steps To Becoming A Full Stack Developer.

This article will discuss many techniques, trends, and tools, but we do not want you to be discouraged, so you must first decide what you need to do to become a full-stack developer because it will help you choose the right one. You can get the right tools and technology relevant to your destination from the field of interest or goal. If your goal is to be a front developer, you can choose front development tools and technology. The same is true for back-end and full-stack developers. A full-stack developer does not aspire to be an expert in all areas related to front ends and back-ends. Must be aware of all the technologies involved in the person and understand the processes that occur throughout the application. Thus, you can become a full-stack developer by following these steps such as:

1) Learn Basic Tools And Software For Web Development.

Computer and operating system: You cannot write code without a computer and operating system. You do not need any fancy computer to learn web development (it’s good if you have it). You can use any mid-level laptop or desktop. You can use anything convenient macOS, Windows (latest version), or Linux for the operating system.

Text Editor / IDE: VSCode is no doubt suitable for many occasions and many languages. It has excellent performance, great extensions, a built-in terminal, and tons of features. In 2019 the stack overflow survey VScode was the first preference of the developers. If we talk about IDE, Visual Studio ( or C #), Eclipse, and Netbeans are good options.

Web Browser: Most developer’s first choice is Chrome or Firefox. Web Browser: Most developer’s first choice is Chrome or Firefox. Firefox has come a long way, and also some of the good things about it are not present in the Chrome browser. Both browsers have awesome dev-tools for troubleshooting web development issues. Other web browsers to get acquainted with are Safari, Edge, and Brave.

Terminal: You will do a lot of work with CLI using some system commands. So you can use the default or third-party terminal for your web development project. Bash, Zsh, Powershell, Git Bash, iTerm, Hyper are all options to use.

Design: Not everyone should learn this. In companies, there is a specific team to create images, logos, or drawings, but if you are a front developer or work as a freelancer, you should learn Adobe XD, Photoshop, Sketch, or Figma.

web design html
Both HTML and CSS are the fundamental building blocks of web development. It does not matter how advanced your web application is; no matter what frame and background language you use, you need to build your front application using HTML and CSS. So this is the first thing to learn in web development.
  • HTML5
  • CSS Fundamentals
  • CSS Grid and Flexbox
  • CSS Custom Properties

3) Responsive Layouts

Your app should be visible and usable on smartphones, tablets, desktops, iPads, or other screen size devices. It is, therefore, essential to learning how to create a responsive design or layout.
  • Learn how to set the viewport
  • Media queries for different screen sizes
  • Fluid Widths
  • rem units
  • Mobile First
Instead of relying on large CSS frames like Bootstrap, it’s a good idea to create your own modular, reusable CSS components for use in your projects. It does not need you to import the entire library if you are building your custom design. Creates the feature you only need for a specific UI. If you already know about CSS, you do not need to put much effort into learning Saas. Saas is a CSS preset machine that adds more functionality to standard CSS and makes it more efficient. You can use variables, nests, conditions to reduce CSS iteration and make it more efficient. Especially, Saas offers variables, mixing, functions, nesting, and more. So you can create a separate SAS file for each reusable component.

5) Learn CSS Frameworks

CSS framework learning is a little less popular than last year but is still very relevant or useful for developers who are not so good at designing. There are many popular CSS frames to use, some of which are such as:
  • Bootstrap
  • Tailwind CSS
  • Materialize
  • Bulma

6) Learn JavaScript

After learning HTML and CSS, the next thing you need to understand in JavaScript. Developers well-found to have a good command of JavaScript principles. You will use a lot of JavaScript with client-side languages ​​such as PHP, Python, or Learning this language is essential if you want to work with Autoresponder, Angular, NodeJS, Vue, or any other JavaScript framework.

7) Basic Frontend Deployment

In this case, once you know what tools or technology you need to learn for frontline development, you need to know how to deploy your front-end website. You do not need to learn AWS or DevOps if you build microscopic applications, landing pages, or personal websites for small businesses. You will complicate things instead of simplifying them.

8) Front-End Framework And State Management

Frames allow you to make more advanced frontline development. It gives you several advantages such as reusable components, more organized UI, or page interaction. So using a frame saves a lot of time. Choose a front-end frame to enhance your skills and try to choose one that many companies in the current situation use.

9) Learn Database

Most web applications require a place to store data. In some cases, certain technologies or languages ​​work well with specific databases. For example, M in the Mern stack is MongoDB, and LAMP stack M is MySQL, but you ultimately leave with the database you need to choose for your application.

10) Deployment & DevOps

Hosting a full-stock app or back-end app, especially when you have databases, is a little more complicated than a front-end app. So you have to make sure you know how to use CLI for deployment. In many companies, a diverse team works at DevOps. So knowing DevOps is entirely optional.


In conclusion, full-stack developers are highly skilled specialists who can handle everything related to web development. These full stack developer skills can distinguish from front-end and back-end developers. With all of the above technology, the tools are good enough to make you a front, back-end, or full-stack developer. Choose the right tools and technology according to your ultimate goal.

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